SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a type of bacteria called Treponema pallidum. It can spread from person to person by physical contact during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Syphilis can cause serious complications when left untreated but it is curable with antibiotics.

Syphilis Facts Sheet
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If you're sexually active, using condoms consistently and correctly for oral, anal and vaginal sex is your best way to protect yourself from syphilis. However, syphilis can be passed even when condoms are used so talk to your clinician about whether you are at risk for syphilis.

If you’re thinking of having sex with a new partner:

1. Talk about STIs, including when each of you were last tested.

  • Women up to age 25 should be tested at least annually.
  • Trans women and trans men who have sex with men should be tested every three months.
  • Men who have sex with men should be tested every three months.
  • Men who have sex with women up to age 25 should be tested in certain situations, for instance if you’ve had one of these infections in the past, have a partner with an STI, or you live in an area where your chances of getting an STI are high.

2. Male and female condoms are effective in reducing the risk of infection.

3. Do not have sex if you or a sexual partner has abnormal discharge, burning with urination, or any other symptom that could be due to an STI.

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